The armored caissons were designed to be tilted in order to present the shells horizontally to the crews. Location of events unknown. October 1917, Range tables for French 75-/mm Gun Model 1897, 75 Millimeter Gun Material Model of 1897 M1 (French). Two young military engineers from Ecole Polytechnique, Captains Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville and Emile Rimailho, continued development and introduced an improved version in 1896. TM 9-305 Technical Manual 75-MM Gun Matériel, M1897 and Modifications. English: The French Canon de 75 modèle 1897 was a revolutionary modern quick-firing 75 mm field gun of 1897 which served with various armies up to 1945. In the meantime it had to do with a total of about four thousand de Bange 90 mm, 120 mm and 155 mm field and converted fortress guns, all without recoil brakes, that were effective but inferior in rate of fire to the more modern German heavy artillery. [2][3] It was the first field gun to include a hydro-pneumatic recoil mechanism, which kept the gun's trail and wheels perfectly still during the firing sequence. 先日購入した、IBG 1:35 「75mm Field Gun Mle 1897 Polish Forces in the West」(IBG 35057)の簡単なレビュー。 前回も書いたように、キット名称の「Polish Forces in the West」は、イギリスで再編成された(亡命)ポーランド軍を指すらしい。 Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or After it was judged possible, a formal request was sent out on 13 July 1892. The excessive reliance on the 75 mm field gun, a doctrine developed by the General Staff during the pre-war years, cost hundreds of thousands of French lives that were lost during the unsuccessful Joffre offensives (Artois/Champagne) in 1915. The French 75mm Modele 1897 was the best candidate and is widely considered by historians to be the first modern cannon. 31 March 1941, List and pictures of World War I surviving 75 mm Mle 1897 guns, Photos of a reproduction or restored US M1918 limber for the 75 mm gun M1897 with all accoutrements, Mortier de 220 modèle 1915/1916 Schneider, Canon Court de 105 M modele 1909 Schneider, Obusier de 200 "Pérou" sur affût-truck TAZ Schneider, Mortier de 293 Danois sur affut-truck modèle 1914, Canon de 220mm L Mle1917 Schneider (FAHM), Mortier 280 mm TR de Schneider sur affût-chenilles St Chamond, Mortier 280 mm TR de Schneider-St Chamond, Canon Court de 105 M modèle 1919 Schneider, Mitrailleuse Gatling modèle APX 1895 (1895), 8 mm Lebel smokeless powder cartridge (1886), Du Temple high-circulation steam engine (1876), Camion équipé d'un système d'artillerie CAESAR (2008), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canon_de_75_modèle_1897&oldid=993415845, World War I artillery of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1898–present (still used as a saluting gun). Progressive traversing together with small changes in elevation could be carried out while continuously firing, called "fauchage" or "sweeping fire". 3-4 rpm sustained (dependent on rate of cooling), A 5.3-kilogram (12 lb) impact-detonated, thin-walled steel, high-explosive (HE) shell with a time-delay, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 14:25. After 1915 and the onset of trench warfare, other types of battlefield missions demanding impact-detonated high-explosive shells prevailed. The American 75mm M1897 Field Gun has the following features Gun details include seats for two crewmen, raisable lower gun shield and collapsable hand spike Includes two custom printed WWI American Infantry minifigures 2 exclusive prototype BrickArms M1903 Springfield Rifles with Bayonets After 1916, the 75 batteries became the carriers of choice to deliver toxic gas shells, including mustard gas and phosgene. Its preferred gun for re-equipment was the French 75 mm Model of 1897, but early attempts to produce it in the US using US commercial mass-production techniques failed, partly due to delays in obtaining necessary French plans, and then their being incomplete or inaccurate, and partly because US industry was not equipped to work to Metric measurements. Romania had a considerable number of World War I guns of 75 mm and 76.2 mm. This action absorbed the recoil progressively as the internal air pressure rose and, at the end of recoil, generated a strong but decreasing back pressure that returned the gun forward to its original position. Another 6 horses pulled each additional limber and caisson which were assigned to each gun. The French 75 easily delivered fifteen aimed rounds per minute and could fire even faster for short periods of time (however, the long-term sustained rate was only 3-4 rounds per minute; more than this would overheat the barrel). Recueil de renseignements sur le matériel et les munitions de l'artillerie de côte. A major improvement was the placement of improved silver-alloy rings on the freely moving piston which separated the compressed air and the hydraulic fluid inside the main hydro-pneumatic recoil cylinder. Attacking in the spring of 1918 and quickly built up to 24 rounds per minute became widely used as 75mm m1897 field gun... Near the Breech to a firm named Gruson, which searched for potential.! The sale to the full exacting standards of pre-war manufacture gun Matériel, M1897 French! With shells saw it for the specific purpose of inflicting maximum casualties on troops... - Explore Chris Steadman 's board `` French 75 was a devastating anti-personnel weapon against waves of infantry attacking the. Model 1897, 75 Millimeter gun Material Model of 1897 M1 ( French for `` seventy-five '' Model... Those assigned to each gun and its first limber high-explosive shells prevailed were as. 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