Average hourly earnings: Amount obtained by dividing employees' weekly pay by the number of hours in their normal work week. Notes. Effective as of June 1, 2020. Employers can still choose to pay students more than this minimum wage. The minimum value is 21.59 occurring in 1975. New Brunswick’s minimum wage remained at $10.30 all year. Can't find what you're looking for? Fortin, P. 2010. The minimum value is 19.7 occurring in 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982 and 1983. Minimum Wages in Canada averaged 6.03 CAD/Hour from 1965 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 14 CAD/Hour in 2018 and a record low of 1 CAD/Hour in 1966. Cell phones use in different parts of the world. In Canada, minimum wage is provincially regulated, but a national minimum wage can be calculated using the rate in each province. A minimum wage constitutes a floor above which employees or their unions may negotiate with management for higher remuneration. Stakeholder perspective 6. Ontario had the highest proportion at 10.9%. These minimum wage rates have periodically changed, and the new minimum wage laws usually take effect in either April or October. Background 3. $4.03. This is a line chart. This is a line chart. Since labor standards are in the provincial domain, the possibility for variation in minimum wage policy exists, and Canada is a potentially important “laboratory” for studying the impact of minimum wage laws on the labor market. However, it is rarely static: adjustments are required from time to time to maintain its relevance in changing economic and social conditions. Proponents of a minimum wage suggested a $1.25 hourly rate, which was based on what was being implemented across the United States. Apr 1, 1991. This is a horizontal bar graph, so categories are on the vertical axis and values are on the horizontal axis. Learn more on Minimum-Wage.ca. The maximum value is 46 occurring in 2004. The 1987 federal minimum wage was $4 per hour, a level lower than that of most provinces. The maximum value is 11.28 occurring in 1976. The maximum value is 23.8 occurring in 1977. While some today see the minimum wage as a way to improve workers' standard of living and to reduce poverty and inequality, others believe that setting a legal minimum wage tends to eliminate jobs that require little specialization—often student jobs—and to increase unemployment and poverty among low-skilled workers. What the research says 5. $4.25 for all covered, nonexempt workers. “Salaire minimum, pauvreté et emploi : à la recherche du compromis idéal,” Regards sur le travail. Thus, an increase in the minimum wage would push the wages of some workers above the value of what they are producing, and these workers would lose their jobs. The Alberta Minimum Wage Profile presents current information on persons whose average hourly earnings1 are at or below minimum wage in Alberta and other ... Canada: 6.9% Province Wage Rate as of March 31, 2015 New Minimum Hourly Wage Rate Effective Date Ontario $11.25 $11.40 October 1, 2016 General Hourly Adult Minimum Wage: Youth Minimum Wage: 1921: $0.25 (Up until 1931 this rate applied to women only. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 60 with ticks every 10 points. Changes to the minimum wage as of April 1, 2020. This would occur as they substitute other inputs for the higher priced low-wage workers, and as they reduce their output because of the higher labour cost. The title of series 2 is "SEPH—Total." The federal minimum wage covers employees in designated federal industries while the provincial minimum wage covers most other employees - farm labourers being a notable exception. Today, one of its main purposes is to protect non-unionized workers in unskilled jobs, although it can also influence, directly or indirectly, the level of compensation of other employees as well. Minimum Hourly Wage. Taking inflation into account, the minimum wage peaked in 1976 at just over $11 an hour in Canada. Quebec’s minimum wage was $10.35 on January 1 and increased to $10.55 on May 1. Among students, 29% were paid at minimum wage, versus 5% of non-students. Even when the second and final step to … $3.80 for all covered, nonexempt workers. Equivalent of $3.80 in 1990: Year. New Brunswick: General - $11.70 as of April 1, 2020. If you are wondering where the other provinces are at, below are the rates across the country: Alberta ? The maximum value is 24.54 occurring in 1991. Please contact us and let us know how we can help you. al, 2012). The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 60 with ticks every 10 points. In 1931 the Act was amended to include boys under 18. There is 1 series in this graph. The minimum wage in B.C. The minimum value is 1.7 and it corresponds to "Alberta." Issue 2. The maximum value is 22.7 occurring in 2005 and 2006. Today, one of its main purposes is to protect non-unionized workers in unskilled jobs, although it can also influence, directly or indirectly, the level of compensation of other employees as well. Whether lessons learned from Canadian experience can be extended to Latin America is a different matter. Effective as of October 1, 2018. The title of the graph is "Chart 1b Ratio between minimum wage and average hourly earnings." $4.25 for all covered, nonexempt workers. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 30 with ticks every 5 points. Minimum wage in the federally regulated private sector 4. Although these indicators have fluctuated since then, the minimum wage in 2014—after adjusting for inflation—had an average value of $10.39 per hour, and average earnings were between $22.70 and $24.51 per hour, depending on the data source used. In 1975, the minimum wage represented almost 49% of average hourly earnings, compared with a value of between 42% and 46% in 2014. In Canada, the minimum wages are different among the provinces or territories, range from $11.06 per hour in Saskatchewan to $15 per hour in Alberta. The maximum value is 48.7 occurring in 1975 and 1976. The amendments also established a training wage provision (at 85% of the minimum wage, but not less than $3.35 an hour) for employees under the age of twenty, a provision that expired in 1993. 6.11%. The title of series 1 is "SEPH—Manufacturing." Inflation Calculator $ in 1. $3.80 for all covered, nonexempt workers. This is because some employees who were earning above the minimum wage join the ranks of those earning the minimum wage. The first legislation in Canada governing minimum wage was introduced in the early 20th century and was intended, at the time, to prevent the exploitation of women and children. Each time a province or a territory raises its minimum wage rate, the federal minimum wage rate … Vol. In 2013, 39.8% of minimum wage workers were between the ages of 15 and 19; in 1997, it … When labor markets are competitive, wages are bid up to the value of what workers produce. October 1, 1990: $5.30: $4.58: October 1, 1989: $5.00: $4.28: October 1, 1988: $4.75: $4.03: … In Canada, minimum wage is provincially regulated, but a national minimum wage can be calculated using the rate in each province. When Canada's federal minimum wage laws governing all 10 provinces and three territories were eliminated in 1996, the minimum hourly wage rates for experienced adult workers were set by the provinces and territories themselves. Province. The minimum value is 39.3 occurring in 1978. There are 3 series in this graph. The title of series 1 is "Proportion of employees paid at the minimum wage rate by province, 2014." Is there information outdated? The minimum wage for students under 18 is $13/hour as of June 26, 2019. There are a total of 11 categories in the vertical axis. The title of series 3 is "LFS—Total." 2014. The vertical axis is "$ constant 2014." What growth has occurred in cell phone use in Canada since 1990?. Many workers across Canada and in the U.S. have targeted $15 per hour as a fairer minimum wage.. Ontario and Alberta have the highest minimum wages in Canada. To enquire about the concepts, methods and data quality in this publication, contact Diane Galarneau (613-854-3018) or Sébastien Larochelle-Côté (613-951-0803), Labour Statistics Division. Apr 1, 1990 4 . There are a total of 40 categories in the horizontal axis. The title of series 3 is "LFS—Total." Ontario’s minimum wage rose from Benefits such as paid vacations, 48-hour work weeks, and a framework for pay equity were added over time, but in the early 1960s, Ontario was one of only three provinces to lack a minimum wage for men. The horizontal axis starts at 0 and ends at 12 with ticks every 2 points. Canada’s minimum wage was established in 1965 at C$1.25 per hour, though some provinces had established minimum wages at the time that were lower. Students must be paid the general minimum wage of $15/hour for any hours exceeding 28 hours in one week. Amount. The title of series 2 is "SEPH—Total." The minimum wage for employees under federal jurisdiction is the general adult minimum wage rate established in each province and territory, as revised from time to time. Canada's minimum wage is set by each province and territory; and ranges from ranges from C$10.45 to C$13.00 per hour. The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. Does economic theory say that the minimum wage reduces employment? The title of the graph is "Chart 1a Average hourly earnings by source and minimum wage." provinces? http://www.edsc-esdc.gc.ca/ouvert-open/labour-travail/WD-datatable-histminwage-20200310-ENG.csv, http://www.edsc-esdc.gc.ca/ouvert-open/labour-travail/WD-datatable-histminimumwage-20200310-FRN.csv. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. From January 1981 to April 1990, the minimum wage was frozen at $3.35 per hour, then a record-setting minimum wage freeze. Galarneau, D. and E. Fecteau. While Canada has undergone important economic, social and technological changes since the 1970s, the minimum wage and the average hourly wage are essentially unchanged. Minimum wage is often expressed on the basis of average hourly earnings. Annual federal minimum wage rates adjusted for inflation from 1955 to 2015 In July 2019, the U.S. House passed a bill that would raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour by 2025, which could increase the incomes of 17 milli on to 27 million minimum wage … When the minimum wage goes up, the proportion of employees paid at minimum wage may increase. The horizontal axis is "percent." Push for Minimum Wage Begins in Europe, New Zealand 1831 : Silk industry workers in Lyon, France go on strike . Selected bibliography This ratio can vary depending on the data source used, but the trends are similar. The title of series 1 is "SEPH—Manufacturing." The minimum wage was raised to $3.80 an hour beginning April 1, 1990, and to $4.25 an hour beginning April 1, 1991. 1 (French only). Currently, the minimum wage is $12.20 an hour, but it rises to $13.60 this year and $15 Oct. 1, 2018. Click here for additional payroll information for Manitoba. Is something not working? $4.25 for all covered, nonexempt workers. $4.75 for all covered, nonexempt workers Some different questions which need to be focus: Does minimum wage grow at the same rates in different Canadian. In 2014, as in 1997, youth, women, students and people with a lower level of education were the groups most likely to be paid at minimum wage. Canada's Minimum Wage is the lowest amount a worker can be legally paid for his work. The title of series 4 is "Minimum wage." is $14.60 per hour (as of June 1, 2020). The maximum value is 10.9 and it corresponds to "Ontario.". 75-006-X. Lastly, 20% of employees with less than a high school diploma were paid at minimum wage, compared with 3% of employees who had a university degree. From September 1, 1997 through July 23, 2007, the federal minimum wage remained constant at $5.15 per hour, breaking the old record. British Columbia: $14.60. Minimum wage: The lowest hourly wage rate that an employer can legally pay its employees. It does say that a large increase in the minimum wage would reduce employment. Hence, all else being equal, an increase in minimum wages can be expected to have an adverse effect on employment (Benjamin et. Historical minimum wage rates in Canada The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. After adjusting the minimum wage and average hourly earnings for inflation, fluctuations in the minimum wage almost mimic fluctuations in employees' average hourly earnings. The vertical axis is "province." The maximum value is 42.4 occurring in 1990 and 1992. Most of this increase occurred between 2003 and 2010. 1995 United States Minimum Wage in Today's Dollars. Alberta: $15.00. The title of the graph is "Chart 2 Proportion of employees paid at the minimum wage rate by province, 2014." Most countries have a nation-wide minimum wage that all workers must be paid. NOTE: After September 30, 2017, the minimum wage for security guards was set to remain at $2.25 higher than the provincial minimum wage, but this increase did not occur and the wage was frozen at $12.50 on October 2017. $3.80 for all covered, nonexempt workers. A minimum wage constitutes a floor above which employees or their unions may negotiate with management for higher remuneration. will rise to at least $15.20 on June 1, 2021. In 1934, the statute was amended to include male employees also.) Oct 1, 1996. This is equivalent to $7.30 in 2020 dollars. The minimum value is 7.88 occurring in 1986. Island’s minimum wage went from $10.35 on January 1 to $10.50 on July 1. The horizontal axis is "age." This proportion was lowest in Alberta, at 1.7%, followed by Saskatchewan at 3.5%. In 2014, 49% of employees aged 15 to 19 years and 15% of those aged 20 to 24 were paid at minimum wage. Workers at the lower end of the wage dis… The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. 7, no. The minimum wage of $3.80 an hour in 1990 is 25 percent below its average value in the 1970's, after adjusting for inflation. Minimum wage in synch with average hourly earnings While Canada has undergone important economic, social and technological changes since the 1970s, the minimum wage and the average hourly wage are essentially unchanged. The minimum wage in Ontario will increase on October 1st, 2020 to 14.25 CAD/Hour. The units of the horizontal axis are years from 1975 to 2014. $3.80. Ontario is now the second province in Canada to bring in $15 minimum wage by 2019. However, it is rarely static: adjustments are required from time to time to maintain its relevance in changing economic and social conditions. The vertical axis is "percent." This is a bar clustered chart. Minimum Wages in Canada remained unchanged at 14 CAD/Hour in 2020 from 14 CAD/Hour in 2019. Basic economic theory suggests that setting a minimum wage above the market equilibrium wage would result in a reduction in the demand for low-wage labour on the part of firms. There are a total of 40 categories in the horizontal axis. This is a column clustered chart. The maximum value is 48.4 and it corresponds to "15 to 19.". Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available. The minimum value is 4.0 and it corresponds to "25 to 34." There are 4 series in this graph. A minimum wage job pays roughly the same now as it did in 1975 after fluctuating lower in the 1980s and 1990s, according to a study by Statistics Canada. The vertical axis is "percent." Issue for the panel’s consideration 7. View more information. The following year—1977—average hourly earnings peaked at close to $24. The minimum value is 35.6 occurring in 1986. In the year 1995, the United States minimum wage was $4.25. 1991. Cell phone use in Canada. Yearly Inflation. As of April 1, 2020, the minimum wage rate employers must pay employees is $12.55 per hour. 1990. This new rate applies to the first 28 hours worked in a week when school is in session. O… These values were comparable to those observed in the late 1970s. There is 1 series in this graph. The lower rate that employers used to be allowed to pay inexperienced employees has been eliminated. If an employee's wage is below the minimum wage, the employer must top up their payment so that it's equal to or greater than the minimum wage. Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. Chart 1a Ratio between minimum wage and average hourly earnings, Chart 1b Ratio between minimum wage and average hourly earnings, Chart 2 Proportion of employees paid at the minimum wage rate by province, 2014, Chart 3 Proportion of employees paid at the minimum wage rate by age, 2014, Salaire minimum, pauvreté et emploi : à la recherche du compromis idéal. There are a total of 6 categories in the horizontal axis. “The ups and downs of minimum wage,” Insights on Canadian Society, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. Nova Scotia’s minimum wage rate was $10.40 on January 1 and rose to $10.60 in April. But what about a small increase similar in magnitude to past increases in the minimum wage? The rate for women was 9%, compared with 6% for men. The units of the horizontal axis are years from 1975 to 2014. The minimum value is 21.7 occurring in 1988. How is cell phone use affected by the part of the world you inhabit? The minimum value is 38.2 occurring in 1983. 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